The 59 Club, also known as The Fifty Nine Club and The 9, was founded in 1959 by Curate John Oates in Hackney Wick in the East End of London. After World War II, the East End of London was an under-privileged area suffering from massive deprivations. Many of the youths living in the area were urchins living lives of petty crimes. Curate Oates, an Anglican priest in the area, had the idea to found a youth club to give the local youth somewhere to go and something to do to keep them out of trouble. He then founded The Fifty Nine Club, and made membership completely open to anyone who wanted to join. Boys, girls, men, women all joined in droves, attracted by the wide range of activities the club hosted.